The Report is the first full analysis of whether section 512 is working effectively in achieving its aim of balancing the needs of online service providers (“OSPs”) with those of creators.
In the times of COVID-19 pandemic the internet in Russia plays huge role. Many people staying at home due to so called self-isolation having internet as the means to make their work, to communicate and make many other important things including self-entertainment. Certainly the consumption of movies, music and other entertaining content has significantly risen and also significant part of such consumed content was illegal.
Currently Russian authorities consider implementing idea to register each smartphone in Russia. Is it possible to do this? Partially yes, but it would be very costly first of all for ordinary customers. Originally the idea is to register all smartphones already sold to customers.
Linear transmission of TV content involves the reproduction of fragments of broadcast at various stages of the technical process. These fragments are temporarily stored in the decoder or in the RAM memory of the computer, depending on the technical means used to transmit the signal, and are created in the end user’s TV screen while watching the broadcast.
The Russian president wants free internet access, i.e. unpaid, for Russians. It supposed to be free access for social significant web-sites and online services, like state services for Russians, but including web-sites of mass media. Telecommunication operators dislike this idea, they ask for compensation of losses linked to free internet access for Russians. They would be obliged to transmit huge amount of traffic without payment requirement. The free internet access should be provided since 1st of March this year, but, as always, it wasn’t provided.
The Russian minister of communication has proposed to provide enforcement authorities with access to all personal data in online mode for the purposes of investigation? Personal data could include digital profile, id, and financial history, data received from mobile operators, financial institutions and different internet services.
Such companies like Google, Apple, Microsoft, Amazon and others with diversified business activities almost around the world are also presented in Russian internal market. Except such companies there are also Russian digital companies in Russia, but mostly with foreign owner or stakeholder, i.e. such companies are also in some sense a foreign companies. The most problem in competition with foreign market players in Russian internal market is rough and sometimes unreasonable regulation affecting Russian market players.
The Russian major telecommunication operator, providing different telecommunication services in Russia, has proposed to collect so called “digital traces” of Russian citizens under the control of Russian state. In other words the monopolist Rostelecom want control almost all aspects of life of Russian citizens.
The blocking of web-resources doesn’t work effectively in the fight with online piracy in Russia. Actually restriction of access in Russia is possible under the court order in relation to certain address, mostly it is domain name. It is also possible to block mirror web-site, i.e. the site almost identical with blocked one, but with different domain name. But it is also is not as effective as right holders desire. Therefore the measures are going to be rigorous.