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Dekuzu Posts

MinCom upholds proposed alternative to Russian “internet tax”

According to RBC Internet companies at the meeting in MinCom considered the idea of single registry of rights in content for its usage in internet. Among the participants at the meeting were internet companies, right holders and representatives of Mincom and Ministry of economic development. There was no representative of Ministry of culture who did not only uphold the Russian “internet tax” but also formulate it in writing. Participants decided to develop idea in working groups and make from this idea a draft law.

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Reforming of copyright in EU and considered policy options: Option 3 – Legislative intervention (Territoriality and absolute territorial restrictions in licensing)

Territoriality and absolute territorial restrictions in licensing

Sub-option a

This option would entail the creation of a new legal act (internal market legal basis) which sets out absolute territorial restriction in copyright licence contracts (or in contracts on the transfer or the assignment of rights) may be null and void because of its effect on the free movement of services.

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White paper – Providing a legally sound space for user-generated content

Copyright law is relevant for UGC both because UGC creators are themselves potential holders of rights in a new work and because UGC can result from the re-use of pre-existing works protected by copyright. It should be noted that, while no precise definition of UGC has yet been established, the mere sharing of existing copyright protected content (“file-sharing”) does not constitute the creation of a new work. Nor does it imply a transformative use. UGC creators should be able to claim and exercise their rights as creators if they wish to, and they should understand the rules that apply to works that include parts of works that are the fruit of others’ creativity and investment. Right holders in pre-existing works should also be able to exercise their rights, as for any other use of their work.

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Padawan case: European court’s decision – third, fourth and fifth questions

Background, and first two questions were earlier

The third and fourth questions

It is appropriate to examine third and fourth questions together. It must be held from the outset that a system for financing fair compensation such as that described in relevant part of this judgment is compatible with the requirements of a ‘fair balance’ only if the digital reproduction equipment, devices and media concerned are liable to be used for private copying and, therefore, are likely to cause harm to the author of the protected work. There is therefore, having regard to those requirements, a necessary link between the application of the private copying levy to the digital reproduction equipment, devices and media and their use for private copying. Consequently, the indiscriminate application of the private copying levy to all types of digital reproduction equipment, devices and media, including in the case expressly mentioned by the national court in which they are acquired by persons other than natural persons for purposes clearly unrelated to private copying, does not comply with Article 5(2) of Directive 2001/29.

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Reforming of copyright in EU and considered policy options – options 1 and 2

Option 1 – Status quo

No policy intervention. This option would consist in relying on the market to improve the availability of content online, on Member States to take full advantage of the total policy space available under the InfoSoc and other Directives, and on the courts, and notably the CJEU, to clarify provisions of the Directives relevant to the development of new uses and services.

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Ministry of communication does not want to increase tax burden for Google and Apple

It seems that chief of ministry of communication (mincom) works independently of his office. As reported RBC, mincom believes current Russian tax legislation is sufficient for taxation of foreign internet companies and in order to implement any new taxation mechanism first of all a definition of internet company must be given. There is even mincom’s review concernign to this issue. It was made 1st of March 2015 by order of Russian president’s assistant Igor Shchyogolev, who is author of idea to receive more taxes from these companies.

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Foreign internet companies can be imposed harder in Russia

As reported RIA Novosti, Russian ministry of communication (Mincom) considers opportunity to impose more taxes on foreign companies providing their clients residing in Russia with its services. The chief of Mincom believes foreign internet companies should pay taxes at the place where the end customer resides. And it is not about Google and Apple. It should concern all foreign companies.

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White paper – Helping knowledge and heritage institutions to fulfill their public interest objectives

The current EU rules allow these institutions to carry out preservation, indexing and similar copying operations (through a “preservation exception”), to allow for consultation of materials on their premises for research or private study (based on a “consultation exception”), and, in the case of public libraries, to make physical loans (allowed by a “public lending exception”).

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